This study found that 22% of the children in the sample had sipped alcohol. Beer was the most frequently sipped and the beverage originally belonged to the father.

The study concludes that, providing sips of alcohol to children is associated with them having more favorable expectations about alcohol use.

RELEASE DATE: 01/04/2021

The Association Between Child Alcohol Sipping and Alcohol Expectancies in the ABCD Study

Abstract – Background: Underage alcohol use is a serious societal concern, yet relatively little is known about child sipping of alcohol and its relation to beliefs about alcohol. The current study aimed to (1) examine the contexts in which the first sip of alcohol occurs (e.g., type of alcohol, who provided sip, sip offered or taken without permission); (2) examine the association between sipping and alcohol expectancies; and (3) explore how different contexts of sipping are related to alcohol expectancies. This study expected to find that children who had sipped alcohol would have increased positive expectancies and reduced negative expectancies compared to children who had never sipped alcohol.

Methods: Data were derived from the 2.0 release of the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) study, a longitudinal study of children in the United States. The present study utilized data from 4,842 children ages 9–11; 52% were male, 60% were White, 19% were Hispanic/Latinx, and 9% were Black/African American.

Results: This study found that 22% of the sample had sipped alcohol. Children reported sipping beer most frequently, and the alcoholic beverage most often belonged to the child’s father. It was found that children who had sipped had higher positive alcohol expectancies than children who had not while accounting for variables related to alcohol expectancies. Child sipping was not significantly associated with negative expectancies and the context of the first sip of alcohol was not significantly associated with positive and negative expectancies.

Conclusions: Providing sips of alcohol to children is associated with them having more favorable expectations about alcohol use.

 For complete research

Adverse Childhood Experiences are traumatic circumstances or events that occur during childhood. Research that has examined ACEs has pointed to the link between these traumatic events in childhood and the increased risk of negative physical and mental health outcomes throughout the life course. Additionally, there has been research to suggest that children who have been exposed to trauma may be at greater risk of developing problems, such as alcohol and drug use, later on in life.

ISSUP (International Society of Substance Use Professionals) Resource List

(Drug Use Permission Models – The War FOR Drugs – Only worsens this horrendous and growing Issue #childprotection #preventdontpromote)

The first key component of helping drug endangered children is establishing a clear understanding of the risks children face when their caregivers are engaged in drug activity or substance use. This knowledge highlights the need for collaborative efforts to help these children and their families and motivates practitioners to look at how they can do their jobs more effectively to provide better outcomes for drug endangered children, families, and communities. Alliance practitioners include law enforcement agencies; child welfare professionals; prosecutors; judges and other judicial staff; medical personnel; teachers and other school personnel; probation, parole, and corrections personnel; treatment providers; and prevention specialists.

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The temptation is to walk away, to throw up your hands and surrender. You wouldn’t be alone if you did. Many parents want to give up — and do. Unable to take the pain any longer, they protect themselves by pretending it doesn’t matter. Their child screams, “Leave me alone!” and so they just do what he says, removing themselves emotionally from his life.

What these folks don’t realize is that even though the teen’s every action and word are designed to push the parents away, deep inside he longs for his mom and dad to hang tough, to keep trying — to be there for him no matter what.

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“It’s not that difficult to overcome these seemingly ghastly problems [drug addiction]… what’s hard is to decide to do it.”                                                

Robert Downey Jnr (2004)

This is where assisted decision-making is imperative. The drug addled brain has corrupted processes due to the presence and interference of psychotropic toxins. The Judicial Educator effectively used, is best placed to be actively engaged through problem-solving courts as a key circuit breaker needed to help facilitate the exit from this capacity and agency diminishing haze.  Punitive action is not necessary, if coercive mechanisms are able to recalibrate the dysfunction posture, through drug use exiting recovery processes. This is just one reason why 'legalizing' drugs is a very bad idea, as it eliminates this vital, individual and community benefiting intervention and it is also a care-less action for a society with increasing drug use induced harms.

Why Calls for Decriminalizing Drug Use, is Really Not a Care-full Agenda! Anti-drug laws were always meant to be a vehicle to protect Community, family and our most important asset – our children – from the harms caused by permission models that ‘grown ups’ believe they have the right to exercise around the use of psychotropic toxins.

These proactive and protective laws have not been used in any real punitive context for decades now and our families and communities are paying the price for this so called ‘progressive’ agenda.

It’s time we tasked these protective laws again in their most proactive framework – As the ‘Judicial Educator’.

The law used (not in a punitive context) but as with Problem Solving Courts, to facilitate not only exit from drug use, but entrance into productive, safe, health and community benefiting narratives, that are drug free. 

You don’t have to change or remove laws, but you can task that legislation to facilitate rehabilitation and recovery, as is being done more and more to great success.

The existing criminal codes don’t need to be weakened, or worse erased, through legalization or even depenalization. They can be used, as mentioned for diversion, but still have the coercive potential of criminal sanctions if the drug user choices to carelessly re-offend, often with harms to those around them.

No criminal records need to be recorded if the diversion path is embarrassed to its effective end.

The pro-drug lobbies completely fallacious meme of ‘war on drugs has failed’ only has traction for the uniformed. There has been no ‘war on drugs’ in this nation since 1985.  However, the ever growing ‘war FOR drugs’ continues to look to remove genuine tools that can bring best-practice drug use exiting outcomes, by mislabelling and propagandizing.

The Judicial educator is the perfect bookend for the other bookend of health and education. Together these will see, not further ‘permission’ for drug use and the ensuing uptake that always precipitates, but rather, as with Tobacco, a community with One Voice, Once Message and One Focus – the cessation of humanity, dignity, agency and family devastating drug use. That should be the agenda of all drug use reduction vehicles.

The excising of any vehicle that can assist with that proactive and productive end, is not only non-sense, but also only adds to the harms that drug use does to our communities and their families.

Once psychotropic toxins are an intrenched part of the behavioural mechanisms of an individual, whether it be short-term intoxication, or long-term dependency, the risk to health, safety and well-being of that individual and more concerningly, those around them requires more than a ‘doctor’ for change. Secure welfare engaged for rehabilitation continues to prove the safest and healthiest vehicle to assist that change.

We seem to care more for Tobacco users, than illicit drug users – Don’t the latter deserve the same passionate enabling to exit drug use, with no voice of permission or approval in the marketplace?

There must be a thorough enabling, equipping and empowering of drug users to exit drug use, even more importantly before the inevitable dependency takes hold.

Any permission model – decriminalisation, legalisation or depenalization – does not add to that capacity of drug users to move out of drug use. However, it has and will continue to do so, if the only proactively coercive vehicle – The Law – is removed, further normalizing drug use and the inevitable entrenched harms this will bring.

The Judicial Educator At Its Best – Law for Recovery + Drug Courts + Secure Welfare = Rehabilitation!